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West Branch
District Office
14277 S Main St
Beloit, OH 44609
Phone: 330-938-9324
Fax: 330-938-6815
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Elements of Art

 The Elements of Art are the building blocks of all that we consider to be art. They are as important to art as carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen are to sugar.

·         Line - A line could be considered a moving dot. Lines can vary in thickness. They can be straight, curved, or have a variety of changes in direction, both smooth and sharp.

·         Shape - A shape is a 2 dimensional area with no apparent thickness. Its edges may be surrounded by a line, or may be implied by shapes or colors  around it.

·         Form - For our purposes, form will be a representation done with shading on paper to give the appearance of a three-dimensional object. Literally, a form is a non-flat object that we can view from different sides such as sculpture or architecture.

·         Color - Color  is the visual perceptual property corresponding in humans to the categories called red, greenblue and others. Color derives from the spectrum of light (distribution of light energy versus wavelength) interacting in the eye with the spectral sensitivities of the light receptors. Color categories and physical specifications of color are also associated with objects, materials, light sources, etc., based on their physical properties such as light absorption, reflection, or emission spectra. from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color

·         Value - Is the variation from dark to light within a color or within a composition. Dark blue and light blue are values of blue. Between Black and white are different values of black.

·         Texture - Texture is the variation of smoothness to roughness either by actual touch, or by visual perception. An example would be a rough carpet texture verse

·         Space - Space is the area provided for a particular purpose. It may have two dimensions (length and width), such as a floor, or it may have three dimensions (length, width, and height). Space includes the background, foreground and middle ground. Space refers to the distances or areas around, between or within components of a piece. There are two types of space: positive and negative space. Positive space refers to the space of a shape representing the subject matter. Negative space refers to the space around and between the subject matter. from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elements_of_art#Space