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5th Grade Science




What will my child learn in science this year?

What are the science standards for 5th grade?




Earth and Space Sciences

*Understand that some planets have a moon or moons that orbit them. 
*Understand that planets orbit the sun due to their gravitational attraction to the sun, and that moons orbit around planets due to their gravitational attraction to the planets.
*Understand that Pluto is classified as a dwarf planet.
*Understand that all planets travel in an elliptical orbit around the sun.
*Identify basic planetary composition of the eight major planets.
*Understand that there are discoveries that have been made and missions that are being conducted. (Current events)
*Explain that Earth is one of several planets to orbit the sun, and that the moon orbits Earth.
*Explain/compare the differences between comets, asteroids, and meteoroids.
*Demonstrate an understanding of the eight major planets in the solar system and their planetary position in relation to the sun
*Understand that the sun is a star and that it is the closest star to Earth.
*Understand that stars appear in patterns (constellations) and are used for navigation.
*Identify the general size and composition of the sun.
*Understand that there are current and new discoveries related to stars and the sun.   (Current events)
*Explain that stars are like the sun, some being smaller and some larger, but so far away that they look like points of light.
*Compare the size and distance of the sun in relationship to Earth and other planets.
*Know that it takes Earth 365 days to revolve around the sun and that this results in the various seasons.
*Describe how night and day are caused by Earth's rotation and that it takes Earth 24 hours to rotate on its axis once.
*Know that Earth’s axis is tilted at 23.5 º.
*Understand that the average daily temperature is related to the amount of direct sunlight that is received. 
*Understand the difference between weather and climate.
*Understand seasonal weather patterns and natural weather hazards as they occur in various regions of the world.




Life Sciences

*Identify how symbiotic relationships are categorized.

*Understand that food webs represent an intertwining within the same biological community.

*Understand that plants and some microorganisms are producers.

*Understand that producers are the foundation of the food web.

*Investigate threatened or endangered species in your local environment.

*Explain that producers transform energy from the sun and make food through a process called photosynthesis.

*Compare and contrast what humans/animals and plants need to survive.

*Know that the major source of energy is sunlight.

*Understand that energy flows in one direction – from the photosynthetic organism to consumers and decomposers.

*Understand that the exchange of energy that occurs in an ecosystem can be represented as a food web. 

*Understand that the exchange of energy in an ecosystem is essential because all processes of life or all organisms require a continual supply of energy. 


Physical Sciences

*Understand that movement can be measured by speed.

*Understand that Earth pulls down on all objects with a gravitational force.

*Understand that weight is a measure of the gravitational force between an object and the Earth.

*Understand that the motion of an object can change by speeding up, slowing down, or changing direction.
*Calculate the speed of an object by dividing distance by time.
*Understand that when light travels from one location to another, it goes in a straight line until it interacts with another object or material.

*Understand that light can be reflected, refracted, or absorbed.

*Understand that sound is produced by vibrating objects.

*Understand that sound requires a medium in which to travel.

*Understand that the rate of vibration is related to the pitch of the sound.

*Understand that light travels faster than sound.

*Understand that white light is a mixture of many colors.



This page designed and maintained by Tina M. Mull.