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5th Grade Social Studies



Ohio Department of Education:

Link to

New Social Studies Learning Standards  Grade 5







  Regions and People of the Western Hemisphere

History Strand

Historical Thinking and Skills

1. Multiple-tier timelines can be used to show relationships among events and places.

Early Civilizations

2. Early Indian civilizations (Maya, Inca, Aztec, Mississippian) existed in the Western Hemisphere prior to the arrival of Europeans. These civilizations had developed unique governments, social structures, religions, technologies, and agricultural practices and products.


3. European exploration and colonization had lasting effects which can be used to understand the Western Hemisphere today.

Geography Strand

Spatial Thinking and Skills

4. Globes and other geographic tools can be used to gather, process and report information about people, places and environments. Cartographers decide which information to include in maps.
5. Latitude and longitude can be used to make observations about location and generalizations about climate.

Places and Regions

6. Regions can be determined using various criteria (e.g., landform, climate, population, cultural, or economic).

Human Systems

7. Variations among physical environments within the Western Hemisphere influence human activities. Human activities also alter the physical environment.
8. American Indians developed unique cultures with many different ways of life. American Indian tribes and nations can be classified into cultural groups based on geographic and cultural similarities.
9. Political, environmental, social and economic factors cause people, products and ideas to move from place to place in the Western Hemisphere today.
10. The Western Hemisphere is culturally diverse due to American Indian, European, Asian and African influences and interactions, as evidenced by artistic expression, language, religion and food.

Government Strand

Civic Participation and Skills

11. Individuals can better understand public issues by gathering and interpreting information from multiple sources. Data can be displayed graphically to effectively and efficiently communicate information.

Roles and Systems of Government

12. Democracies, dictatorships and monarchies are categories for understanding the relationship between those in power or authority and citizens.

Economics Strand

Economic Decision Making and Skills

13. Information displayed in circle graphs can be used to show relative proportions of segments of data to an entire body of data.
14. The choices people make have both present and future consequences.


15. The availability of productive resources (i.e., human resources, capital goods and natural resources) promotes specialization that leads to trade.

Production and Consumption

16. The availability of productive resources and the division of labor impact productive capacity.


17. Regions and countries become interdependent when they specialize in what they produce best and then trade with other regions to increase the amount and variety of goods and services available.

Financial Literacy

18. Workers can improve their ability to earn income by gaining new knowledge, skills and experiences.